The National Hotel

It is no surprise that the hotel has long ago become a symbol of refined beauty because it was originally designed as a luxury world-class and five-star hotel. Staying at The National Hotel is like staying at a precious museum! The place the hotel is located today was occupied by rent buildings owned by Tula’s rich merchant Moskvin starting from the end of the 18th century. In 1901, the house-owners decided to build a luxurious hotel at the site of a corner building, which was first named “the Nationalnaya”.

The hotel’s doors first opened for visitors on the 1st of January 1903. The cost of the accommodation varied from 1 rouble and 50 kopecks to 25 roubles per night. In comparison, state teachers and doctors earned 10-15 roubles a month at the beginning of the 20th century and it was considered rather decent wages. The hotel not only amazed visitors with its splendour but also had various technical innovations, modern materials and technologies, finishing with natural stone and ceramic tiles, stucco works and majolica panels and an expensive mosaic floor. The original ventilation system was installed in the hotel.

The interior of the main hall particularly excelled at its magnificence; the main attention was put to the grand staircase which had a unique design for the beginning of the 20th century. Other foyer interiors combined different kinds of marble. The furniture for the hotel rooms was manufactured at F. Meltzer’s factory. The special mark of the hotel owners’ pride and the hotel’s calling card was its restaurant. It always surprised its guests with a variety and complexity of the menu especially with respect to the Russian cuisine dishes.

Following the Revolution of 1917 the hotel rooms where Shalyapin and Rimsky-Korsakov used to live were taken and used by the fledgling Soviet government. After the government had moved to the Kremlin, the Hotel was renamed in a revolutionary way into “the National Hotel”, the first House of the Soviets. Together with the new name the hotel’s essence itself changed: it turned into virtually a hostel in just a decade.

The “National” was thoroughly repaired in 1931. The furniture and works of art of the Tsar’s family were among the interior design objects. It is likely no other hotel in the world could then be compared with the “National” with regard to the level of high artistic interiors. Another major reconstruction of the hotel took place in 1991-1995. At the present, the “National” Hotel holds a status of an architectural monument of Federal importance and this is no surprise at all given the fact that it has turned into a kind of “Hotel-Museum” during its age-old history. Travel to Moscow