The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts

There is something special about this museum that it’s simply called by the Muscovites “Pushkinsky”, given that the poet’s works have long ago become a staple of classic Russian literature. The Pushkin Museum was originally designed and created as a museum of Fine Arts. Today, the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts is one of the biggest museums in Russia. The works of European and foreign art are displayed in the museum. The building itself is also an architectural monument.

The history of the museum began in 1893. The professor and historian of the Moscow Imperial University, Ivan Tsvetaev, decided to create a museum that would be an aid in teaching the history of arts. The museum’s exposition was firstly comprised of objects from the Room of Fine Arts and Antiquities of the Moscow University.

In 1923 the People’s Commissariat for Education adopted a decision to create the Central Museum of classical western paintings in the building of the Fine Arts Museum based on collections of the State Museum Fund, the Moscow Public Museum and the Rumyantsev Museum as well as the collection of the First Museum of western paintings. Pictures of Botticelli, Cranach, Poussin and David were handed over to the Pushkin museum from Hermitage in 1930. The museum was renamed to the State Museum of Fine Arts in 1932; in 1937 it was named after Pushkin.

All the glass roofs of the museum were broken during the Second World War and it remained under the open sky for three years. The post-war opening of the exposition took place on the 3rd of October 1946. Museum funds were significantly increased in1948 by the works of western-European and American authors of late 19th-early 20th century totalling about 300 pictures and 60 sculptures. The works of French Impressionists and Post-Impressionists are still the museum’s pride and the basis of its expositions.

The Gallery of Arts of 19th -20th centuries’ Europe and America was opened in the Golitsyn manor wing in 2005. That is why many pictures that had been stored in the museum’s vaults enlarged the permanent exposition of the museum.
Each museum’s exhibit is worth noticing. At the present time the collection of the State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts numbers over 600,000 works of paintings, graphic arts, sculptures, applied works, archaeological and numismatic monuments, fine art and photography. Travel to Moscow