The Yaroslavsky railway station

The great structure of Yaroslavsky railway station has a special place among Russia’s railway buildings, and not only those of Moscow. At first, it looks like the Yaroslavsky railway station’s ensemble is simple and easy to understand but then it becomes infinite in its diversity. The station was the Event in national architecture; it gave birth to one of the Art Nouveau trends, known as “neo-Russian style”.

Yaroslavsky Station is one of three railway stations situated at the Square of Three Stations. This place was occupied by a vast “Kalanchev Field” in the 17th century. The field reached the middle of the current Bolshaya Spasskaya Street with its western side. Due to a limited distance of the first section of the railway, the station was designed as a moderate-sized building. The construction lasted from 1860 to 1862. The first train going from Moscow to Segriyev Posad departed from Yaroslavsky Station on 22 July 1862. The Yaroslavl railway had only six stations when it was opened. Trains went only as far as Sergiyev Posad until 1870 and the total length of tracks was 69 kilometres.

In 1900 the Moscow-Yaroslavl-Arkhangelsk railway had become a state railway and was passed under the control of the Ministry of Finance and later, as of 1902, under the control of the Ministry of Railways of the Russian Federation. By that time, the length of tracks had significantly increased, prompting the authorities to reconstruct the Yaroslavsky Station and entrusted the architect Fyodor Shekhtel with the design of the Station’s new building. The Yaroslavsky Station’s building was finished in 1906. The composition’s key point is the entrance tower. Everything in the station building is governed by the ‘tower theme’. At the same time the equilibrium of the asymmetric composition adds certain mobility and even a reverence to the building as if it was a living organism and not a frozen structure. The external design of the Station’s concourse uses plastically accented forms of a gigantic entrance arch with an ogee roof overhang. Semicircular pylons and valanced ‘palace-like roofing’ topped with a ‘crest’ give a particularly fancy look the building.

The long distance trains run from the Yaroslavsky Station to the northern regions, Ural, Siberia and Far East. The world’s longest Trans-Siberian railway which connects Moscow and Vladivostok has its starting point at the Yaroslavsky Station. Its length is 9302 kilometres. The Yaroslavsky Railway Station is the biggest of Moscow’s nine stations with respect to the traffic volume with 300 trains being serviced at the station’s terminals every day. Moscow tours