COMMON BUZZARD

This is a bird of prey which belongs to the hawk family. It is of the size of a kite. The weight of male species is about 600 grams; females weight 1 kilo. The bird has rather short wings. The tail is striped, short and rounded. The color is brown with slightly lighter bottom part. The paws are yellow.

The bird’s flight is comparatively slow. The buzzard looks for its prey from the height hovering for a long time in the air. Sometimes it stops and “shakes” its wings without moving. The bird is quite loudy with a voice sounding like plangent “kee-kee” that resembles meowing. The buzzard is a migratory bird.

It feeds on diverse animal food. The main prey is small rodents, frogs, insects and sometimes birds. It also eats carrion.

The common buzzard is an inhabitant of the forest-meadow and forest-field landscapes. It is commonly encountered in the south of the region. The bird avoids taiga and steppes. It is widely met in forest-steppes at Krasnoyarsk’s latitude and to the south. In the Minusinsk kettle hole it nests at taiga borders, particularly in birch forests.
The nests are made from branches on trees. The egg-set represent 2-4, sometimes 5 white ginger-spotted eggs. The nestlings fly out of the nest in the mid-June; the flying off to the south starts in the middle of September.

ROUGH-LEGGED BUZZARD

The bird belongs to the hawk family and looks like a common buzzard but somewhat bigger (800-1300 grams of weight) and lighter. When in flight one can distinguish white spots on lower wing’s side and white tail head. The head is light. The tarsometatarsus is feathered up to the claws (that’s where the name “rough-legged” comes from).

It hunts lemmings and voles, sometimes catches hares and white grouses (in spring). The bird readily feeds on carrion.
In the south of the region the rough-legged buzzard is encountered all the winter, but many birds fly further to the south. It nests in tundra, forest tundra, central and southern taiga. Tundra nests are made right on the ground, commonly on coastal cliffs’ lodges, small hills and hillsides.

The nests in Putorana Mountains are made in rocks and in forest tundra; the north-taiga nests are arranged on larch-trees. There are 3-6 white ginger-spotted eggs in a nest. The nest itself represents the flat bunch of dried branches. The egg-laying takes place until middle of June. The nestlings hatch on 10-20 July.
The rough-legged buzzards leave tundra in the end of September and beginning of October.