LYNX

It is a big cat of pale gray or gingery color with short body, tall legs and short docked-like tail. The animal’s ears have tufts. The body length is 80-100 cm; weight is 12-20 kg. The lynx is active in twilight and at nights, rarely in daytime. The animal has a perfect hearing sense. It usually moves at a footpace and is very good in climbing trees and rocks. The lynx avoids loose and thick snow; it can jump at up to 6 meters. Its voice resembles gruff meowing or purr and can be heard at dawn or at nights during breeding period. In other periods it is a very silent animal.

The lynx attacks hoofed mammals (roe deer, musk deer, Siberian red deer), hares, squirrels, big birds and mouse-like rodents. In northern regions of Putorana Mountains the lynx feeds on wild reindeers, bighorns, hares and mouse hares. There are reports of lynx’s attacks at domestic animals: sheep, dogs and cats. A wounded lynx is capable of attacking a human. There are also few known cases when the animal actively attacked people.

The animal is very common in Eurasian forests. The lynx populates certain areas of mountain northern Evenkiya taiga region to the east of Yenisey river, but it is a very rare there. The animal is absent in densely populated areas of central Krasnoyarsk Territory, in steppes and well-exploited forest-steppe. The lynx is quite common and even large in number in following forest-steppe regions: Kansky, Achinsky and Berezovsky, where it can be found at remote taiga areas.
2 lynx species are known to exist in Far East: the Amur lynx that lives in Primorye, Amur River area and Sakhalin island, and Yakut lynx which is common in the region’s northern part.

The breeding period is in February-March. The animal’s lair represents a hole under tree roots or a split in a rock or a cave or even a hollow in a tree trunk. The gestation period is approximately 70 days. The cubs (2-3, rarely 4-5) are born in May-June. The spring change of coat is in April-May, the autumn one – is in November.