ROE DEER

This is a mammal of deer species with light-grey coloration. The weight of males is as much as 59 kilos; the female species weigh about 52 kg. Only male roe deer have small horns.

The winter nutrition consists mainly of sprouts of aspen, pine and grassland litter. The less common food is willow, birch, cotoneaster, rowan and acacia. The summer feed includes herbs, leaves and sprouts.
The roe deer can’t cope with deep snow (more than 40-50 cm), that’s why many animals die because of lack of food in snowy winters. The animal migrates a lot (100-200 km) in order to get to winter low-snow pastures and steppes of the Minusinsk kettle hole.

The roe deer inhabits in the south part of the region in forest-steppe areas, at foothills and in not-too-dense mountain taiga with meadows and forest openings. It populates mountain subalpine meadows in the Kuznetsky Alatau.
At the present time the animal is most common at the outskirts of the Minusinsk kettle hole, Kansky, Achinsky and Yeniseisky forest-steppes.

At the time of autumn migration the roe deers gather in herds consisting of 20-30 animals (sometimes more). During winter the herds break apart into groups of 2-5 roe deer. In the spring the animals move individually. In the summertime they graze in the morning and in the evening and sometimes in the night. During daytime the roe deer take rest in the forest covert.

The breeding period is in August-September. The fawning takes place from mid-May to mid-June. The she-deer usually gives birth to two fawns. The newborns stay at one place during the first week of life hiding in the grass. Then they begin to follow their mother at the age of 6-8 days. The horns start to develop from the autumn of the first year of life and are fully developed by the third year. The horns are mewed by November, they are grown again by April-May and ossified by the June. The change of coat takes place in the spring.